SUMMER NIGHTS

what are the benefits of drinking psilocybin tea

one sip,and you will be swept away by our enchanting herbal blend.the soft flavors of mint and orange will dance on your tongue,with a creamy,floral finish. its a perfect blend to sip on as you float into a magically filled summer nights as a liquid it has a faster onset than eating shrooms anecdotal evidence suggest that making shroom tea drastically reduces the sensation of nausea that shrooms cause on the come up for those who dont want to be tripping for hours shroomtea tends to metabolise quicker as well

Regulators will soon grapple with how to safely administer powerful psychedelics for treating depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. Ecstasy and Psilocybin are Shaking Up Psychiatry in many positive ways! Kirk Rutter went to the Hospital in hopes of finally putting an end to his depression. Rutter had lived with the condition off and on for years. The burden had grown since the death of his mother in 2011. Followed by a relationship break-up and a car accident the year after. It felt as if his brain was stuck on what he describes as “an automatic circuit”. He would repeat the same negative thoughts like a mantra: “‘Everything I do turns to crap.’ I actually believed that,” he recalls.

Regulators will soon grapple with how to safely administer psychedelics for SUMMER NIGHTS  treating depression and PTSD

The visit to Hammersmith was a preview. He would be returning the next day SUMMER NIGHTS  to participate in a study. Taking a powerful hallucinogen under the guidance of Robin Carhart-Harris, a psychologist and neuroscientist at Imperial College London. Years of therapy and a variety of anti-anxiety medications had failed to improve his condition, qualifying him for the trial.

“Everyone was super nice, like really lovely, and especially Robin,” Rutter recalls. Carhart-Harris led him to a room with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine. This made it so researchers could acquire a baseline of his brain activity. Then he showed Rutter where he would spend his time while on the drug. Carhart-Harris asked him to lie down and played him some of the music that would accompany the session. He explained that he SUMMER NIGHTS  would have on hand a drug that could neutralize the hallucinogen, if necessary. Then the two practised a grounding technique, to help calm Rutter in the event that he became overwhelmed. Without warning, Rutter burst into tears.

“I think I knew this was going to be unpacking a lot. I was carrying a bit of a load at the time.” Rutter says.

Gloden Bejewelled Structures

When Rutter returned the next day, one of the SUMMER NIGHTS  researchers handed him two pills containing a SUMMER NIGHTS  synthetic form of psilocybin. The the psychoactive ingredient found in magic mushrooms. Rutter lay down on the bed and put on headphones and an eye mask. Soon, images of Sanskrit text appeared to him. Later, he saw golden bejewelled structures. Then his mind went to work on his grief.

The Imperial study was one of a spate of clinical trials SUMMER NIGHTS launched over the past few years. It used illicit psychedelic drugs such as psilocybin, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, also known as molly or ecstasy) to treat mental-health disorders. Generally with the close guidance of a psychiatrist or psychotherapist. The idea has been around for decades or centuries in some cultures. The momentum has picked up drastically over the past few years. Investors and scientists have begun to champion the approach again (see ‘Psychedelics take flight’).

Experienced Therapists Required

Then there’s the training and experience of the therapists guiding BONFIRE   both the dosing sessions SUMMER NIGHTS  and the drug-free integration sessions. COMPASS, whichBONFIRE   became a public company in September and earned a stock-market valuation exceeding US$1 billion, developed a five-tier training programme for therapists in its trial. Company co-founder and chief innovation officer Ekaterina Malievskaia says site investigators must adhere to the training if the company expects to win regulators’ approval.

Madras goes further to say that the conditions of the trial will have to be replicated for any wider roll-out of the drugs. They “have to be approved under the stringent conditions in which they were investigated”, she says. But the path forward for mandating such conditions is unclear. For the US FDA, there is a mechanism to ensure that drugs are administered in a specific way: Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies, or REMS. Through REMS, the agency can require prescribing physicians and pharmacists to be certified for a treatment strategy. This would be designed to mitigate the risks associated with a drug — such as addiction and dependency for opiate prescription.

REMS could be used with psychedelics, Dunn says. The effect would be to bundle the delivery SUMMER NIGHTS  of the drug with BONFIRE   the therapy component, and potentially certify practitioners. A source working on one of the trials says that discussions are under way with the FDA. They are talking about whether therapists who administer the drugs ought to be trained, what that training might involve and whether therapist certification should be required.

Ecstasy and Psilocybin are Shaking Up Psychiatry

Certification could mean legitimizing therapists who have been http://mushroom.com ‘treating’ individuals with the drugs illegally for as long as 30 years. But some of these therapists might resist the advice, or the involvement, of a government that has driven them underground.First look at LSD in action reveals acid-trip biochemistry

Approvals still have a long way to go. Towards the end of 2020, http://hausofutopiachocolate.com MAPS reported in a news release that there are statistically significant differences in the response between the control and placebo groups in its MDMA trial (see go.nature.com/362xsvp). But the company won’t say more about the results until it releases the full data some time this year. It is also recruiting for a second phase III study using MDMA therapy for people with moderate-to-severe PTSD, which it aims to complete before the end of the year. COMPASS expects to have results from its phase IIb study on psilocybin by that time, and the company says it is planning a phase III study.

Robert Malenka is a psychiatrist and neuroscientist at Stanford University in California who has studied MDMA’s effects on rodents. He says he thinks that some psychedelic drugs will eventually earn approval as treatments for certain conditions. “They have potential to be — I want to use the right analogy — a part of our toolset for treating patients,” he says. But he warns against overzealousness, particularly a brand of evangelism he’s seen among some of the underground purveyors of psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy. “I don’t think they’re going to be miracle cures,” he says.

Magic-mushroom drug lifts depression in first human trial

He argues that the hypotheses for how the drugs might be working in the brain still need further research, and that investigating compounds that provide the same benefits without the hallucinatory effects could prove worthwhile in the long run. Others point out that SSRIs work for many individuals without clinicians fully understanding their mechanism.

Regarding the clinical work, however, Madras says she’s concerned by the studies’ size and design. She noted that many of them recruit people who have had previous experience taking psychedelics. Those who are attracted to this type of experience, she argues, might be more likely to say positive things about it. Nutt has said that working with experienced users of the drugs minimizes the chance of adverse events. But there are other potential confounders, according to Madras. “The consent forms tell you what the expectations are,” she says. “So there’s bias on the part of the subjects.”

Rutter says that despite all that, he is convinced that the treatment he received in 2015 changed his life for the better. In the weeks after his sessions, he found himself wondering whether the automatic circuit would return. “I was terrified,” he says, “and I realized I’ve got a little bit of control over this, right?” The thought had never occurred to him before.

A week or so later, he was out with friends at a shopping centre and sensed the return of optimism and openness. “It felt like somebody had opened a window in a stuffy room.” Five years later, his depression has not returned.

Another one of the ways that Ecstasy and Psilocybin are Shaking Up Psychiatry is the fact that the drugs “activate a therapeutic, dreamlike state, intensifying sensory perception. And memories pop up like little films”. says Franz Vollenweider, a psychiatrist and neurochemist at the University Hospital of Psychiatry in Zurich, Switzerland. One of the pioneers of the modern era of psychedelic research. He thinks that this receptive state of mind provides an opportunity to help people escape from rigid patterns of thought. This is not unlike Rutter’s automatic circuit.

“People get locked into disorders like depression because they develop this system of thinking which is efficient, but wrong”. says David Nutt, a psychopharmacologist at Imperial College London and an outspoken supporter of evidence-based reforms to government policies concerning illegal drugs. Psychiatry has a term for such thinking: rumination.

The idea behind psychedelic therapy is that the receptive state that the drug confers opens the door to fresh ideas. Ones about how to think about the past and future, which the therapist can reinforce. “There is a growing evidence base to the principle that this is about a synergy between drug-induced hyper-plasticity and therapeutic support.” says Carhart-Harris. THey trained with Nutt. Psychedelic compound in ecstasy moves closer to approval to treat PTSD

Rutters Journay

Rutter says his journey with Carhart-Harris was focused, but flexible. When BONFIRE   Rutter first removed a pair of eye shades after the drug took effect, the therapist appeared “fractured.” They seemed to have another eye in the centre of his forehead. “I should imagine I look quite strange to you now,” Carhart-Harris said. Rutter burst BONFIRE   out laughing and Carhart-Harris BONFIRE   joined him. When the laughter stopped, the two men started talking. Rutter wanted to BONFIRE   discuss his resentments, which led to pondering about the word ‘relent’ and its etymology. Carhart-Harris looked it up for him on his laptop. “That was a lovely moment, actually,” Rutter says. He returned for a second session with a BONFIRE   stronger dose of the drug. Followed by a second MRI and an ‘integration’ session, to discuss the experiences.

The treatment BONFIRE   “made me look at grief differently”, Rutter says. “It was a realization that actually it wasn’t helping, and letting go wasn’t a betrayal.”

Clinical Hurdles


Testing these drugs effectively and translating the clinical research into actual treatments will prove challenging. However, two of the most closely watched studies have grappled with this. One is the recently completed MDMA trial, which was testing the approach in people with severe PTSD. It was a phase III study. Usually the final stage before drug regulators decide whether to approve a treatment. It involved 90 participants at 15 sites around the world. The Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (M.A.P.S.) a non-profit organization in San Jose, California, sponsored the study, but has not so far released the results.

Testing Different Dosages

Meanwhile, the mental-health-care company COMPASS Pathways in London is running a phase 3 trial. They are testing different dosages of psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression. Evaluating the results won’t be simple. One concern revolves around controls. Most individuals given a placebo will know that they are not receiving a powerful hallucinogen. Some studies evaluating psychedelics have attempted to address this by giving people in the control group a pill containing niacin. This elicits a physical sensation — usually a BONFIRE   flushing response in the skin. Mitchell says that some participants in her MDMA study who’ve been given the drug thought they received the placebo. While some taking the placebo believed that they had been given the drug.

The studies’ designers must also BONFIRE   tackle how important the non-drug aspects of the trial are to the results. These include the mindset of the individual going into the experience, and the environment in which it takes place.

The vibe is definitely hotel spa at the treatment rooms. At least for the COMPASSBONFIRE   study at Utrecht University Medical Centre in the Netherlands. There’s a Mexican-style blanket folded at the foot of a twin-size bed. Beanbag chairs hug a potted palm in the corner. And a poster of Van Gogh’s Almond Blossom adorns one wall. All 24 sites in the study are similarly decorated. This is another powerful way that Ecstasy and Psilocybin are Shaking Up Psychiatry,

 

 

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